Facial Trauma Reconstruction
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Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons are specialist trained to manage and treat facial trauma. There are an infinite number of ways in which the face can be damaged and thus need some type of reconstruction. Accidents, falls, automobile crashes, and interpersonal violence are among the most common causes. Some of the main types of facial injuries resulting from these instances are lacerations, fractured teeth, fractured jaws, fractured facial bones, avulsed teeth, and intraoral lacerations.
There are three main classifications used by health professionals in their trauma assessment:
Soft Tissue Injuries – Soft tissue trauma includes lacerations to the skin and any oral tissues.
Avulsed (knocked out) Teeth - Injuries to the teeth are very common and must be dealt with immediately to insure success of reimplantation.
Bony Injuries – This category encompasses the entire face including fractured cheekbones, jaw bones, eye sockets, palates, and noses.
Reasons for Facial Trauma Reconstruction
Aside from the obvious esthetic reasons for repairing damage to the face, there are also a number of other serious concerns that can arise from even a small amount of trauma. No facial injury should be taken lightly. Depending on the exact location of the injury, chewing, speech and swallowing can be greatly impaired.
Though broken facial bones are often treated in the hospital, damage to the teeth can be quickly dealt with by your dentist and/or oral surgeon. Failure to treat dental and facial trauma can lead to the following longer term problems: loss of teeth, misaligned teeth, TMD dysfunction or pain, and bite/jaw irregularities.